Trigger Point Therapy
In this article: Techniques and methods: We describe a new technique for treating pain and controlling inflammation. We explain how the technique is used to treat postoperative pain as well as control painful muscle spasms and stiffness after surgery. We describe the diagnostic and therapeutic benefits of myofascial release. We conclude by discussing important information about exercise protocols and future research directions. While this article is intended to present the basic concept of myofascial release, we encourage you to consult your physician regarding its use and suggested uses.
Myofascial Release: The term "myofascial release" is usually used when describing techniques that involve manipulating or moving the fascia. This myofascial network is the tissue between the heel and the ankle and includes tendons, ligaments and muscles. It has been called the anatomical equivalent of a set of model tennis engines because it contains many complex components that can be damaged or destroyed by external forces.
There are many different causes of pain or discomfort including tightness in the hip flexors or quadriceps, pulled adductors, trigger points in the spine, or nerve compression. Trigger points are sites where pressure or tension is exerted on a nerve without any apparent cause. Common trigger points are referred pain or soreness that occurs around a joint. Myofascial trigger points and trigger point therapy is a treatment that targets the damaged tissue in the form of an intense heat that literally "burns" the damaged tissue.
Myofascial Release: During a deep tissue massage, the therapist will apply varying pressure over various areas of the body. This includes the shoulders, hips, elbows, wrists, knees, feet, back, neck and even the fingers and toes. This type of massage is effective in reducing stiffness and promoting overall flexibility. 원주출장 A qualified therapist should be experienced in using soft tissue and deep pressure techniques such as massage stroke, rolling, and tapping with their hands to perform myofascial release techniques.
Foam Roller Massage: A highly specialized and intense form of myofascial release treatment, the foam roller technique involves the use of a special roller that is propelled forward by air. This motion simulates the actions of a stretch, while providing a source of resistance for the muscles to strengthen and contract in preparation for a deeper tissue massage. To perform this method, the therapist holds the hand of the client with the palm facing up. Using the rolled hands to apply consistent pressure over specific areas of the body, the therapist simulates stretching out tight muscles.
Trapezius Stretch: Located in front of the triceps, the trapezius muscles are responsible for protecting the shoulder joint. During myofascial release techniques, therapists use a light-weight device to apply consistent tension on the trapezius muscles. The pressure applied is designed to gradually tighten the muscle to strengthen and lengthen the muscle's range of movement. Using a tennis ball as a prop, the therapist rotates the device's handle back and forth in a slow, continuous motion, which simulates the action of stretching the muscle. This gentle pressure is ideal for treating mallet toe or hammertoes, as well as small and large tendons and muscles in and around the shoulder joint.
Trigger Points: Located in the shoulder and lower back area, trigger points are extremely sensitive to mechanical stimuli, such as movement. Trigger points may be due to mechanical problems originating from the hip flexor muscles, or they may be due to structural imbalances in the spine. For this reason, many myofascial release therapists include Trigger Point sessions in their training protocol. Trigger Point sessions may use the same isometric technique described above, but instead of rotational pressure, the therapist applies short bursts of maximal strength, with controlled shortening in between repetitions, to target specific muscle groups and promote isometric muscle activation.
Vasculo-mesothelioma (VMS): Also known as "gouty tophi," VMS affects the lining of the internal reproductive organs in men. As a result, the majority of myofascial Release techniques also target the piriformis, or group of muscles that run along the border of the esophagus. In my experience, VMS patients respond very well to applying constant isometric force (isometric contractions). Trigger Point techniques can also be used for treatment of other symptoms of VMS such as nausea, excessive facial blushing, and pain due to the nerve compression in the neck, face, and ears.